Document Type

Working Paper

Publication Date



military commissions, terrorism, Geneva Convention, Military Commissions Act, Guantanamo, prisoners of war, POW, law of war, lawful combatant, detainees, tribunals


On September 11, 2001, Al Qaeda operatives attacked civilian and military targets on US territory, causing thousands of deaths and billions of dollars of economic loss. The next day, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 1368 characterizing the attack by Al Qaeda as a "threat to international peace and security" and recognizing the right of states to use armed force in self defense.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Military courts, Courts, War (International law), Military Commissions Act of 2006, Combatants and noncombatants (International law), Geneva Conventions (1949 August 12), Detention of persons--United States, Guantánamo Bay (Cuba), Prisoners of war, Terrorism, United States