North Carolina law authorizes citizen standing for the enforcement of anti-cruelty laws, thus supplementing criminal prosecution by means not used in any other state. Citizens, cities, counties and animal welfare organizations can enforce animal cruelty laws through a civil injunction. This article explores the various amendments to North Carolina's civil enforcement legislation and the present law's strengths and weaknesses. The author suggests an ideal model anti-cruelty civil remedies statute.
William A. Reppy Jr., Citizen Standing to Enforce Anti-Cruelty Laws by Obtaining Injunctions: The North Carolina Experience, 11 Animal Law 39-68 (2005)