Proponents of cultural environmentalism, then, need to tackle the normative theory: to formulate a theory of "the network" as a whole that explains what makes it good. Here, Cohen asserts that what makes a network good can only be defined by generating richly detailed ethnographies of the experiences the network enables and the activities it supports, and articulating a normative theory to explain what is good, and worth preserving, about those experiences and activities. Furthermore, generating a normative theory of the open network requires more than a theory of intellectual property or telecommunications, and "doing the science" of cultural environmentalism requires more than appropriation of the environmental metaphor.
Julie E. Cohen,
70 Law and Contemporary Problems
Available at: https://scholarship.law.duke.edu/lcp/vol70/iss2/5