If the punishment is taken out of the process, and the processes of criminal justice become effective at restoration--and if rigorous empirical research might show that a restorative process costs less money and produces greater public safety--that would be a result everyone would embrace.
Brenda Sims Blackwell & Clark D. Cunningham,
Taking the Punishment Out of the Process: From Substantive Criminal Justice Through Procedural Justice to Restorative Justice,
67 Law and Contemporary Problems
Available at: https://scholarship.law.duke.edu/lcp/vol67/iss4/4