Constitutional challenges to community service programs may be divided into two generic types--those raised by students or parents who object to the requirement of community service, and those raised by students, parents, organizations, or agencies who object to the selection criteria used to include or exclude organizations or agencies eligible to participate in community service programs.
Rodney A. Smolla,
The Constitutionality of Mandatory Public School Community Service Programs,
62 Law and Contemporary Problems
Available at: https://scholarship.law.duke.edu/lcp/vol62/iss4/6