The adaptation of medical discipline in the 21st century is examined by positing that the locus of "disciplining" doctors has already begun to gravitate away from traditional government licensure and medical malpractice litigation toward purchasers of medical services.
Frances H. Miller,
Medical Discipline in the Twenty-First Century: Are Purchasers the Answer?,
60 Law and Contemporary Problems
Available at: https://scholarship.law.duke.edu/lcp/vol60/iss1/3