The Higher Education Amendments of 1992 formally provided for a "Program Integrity Triad" of accrediting agencies, the states, and the Department of Education to control access to student financial assistance programs. Negotiated rulemaking was mandated by Congress for the implementation of the program.
Mark L. Pelesh,
Regulations Under the Higher Education Amendments of 1992: A Case Study in Negotiated Rulemaking,
57 Law and Contemporary Problems
Available at: https://scholarship.law.duke.edu/lcp/vol57/iss4/7