This paper analyzes the degree to which the administration of Title VIII of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) of 1980 protects customary and traditional hunting and fishing by Alaska Natives and their tribal communities. A recent Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) entered into by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the Kuskokwim Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (KRITFC) for co-management of subsistence fisheries will be used as a means to analyze the issue. This paper concludes with suggestions for improving the administration of Title VIII to better secure Alaska Native and Tribal rights for self-determination.

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