Harcourt discusses three developments in 20th century criminal law: the evolution of parole board decision-making in the early 20th century, the development of fixed sentencing guidelines in the late 20th century, and the growth of criminal profiling as a formal law enforcement tool since the 1960s. In each of these case studies, he focuses on the criminal law decision-making.
Bernard E. Harcourt,
From the Ne’er-Do-Well to the Criminal History Category: The Refinement of the Actuarial Model in Criminal Law,
66 Law and Contemporary Problems
Available at: http://scholarship.law.duke.edu/lcp/vol66/iss3/5