Lupia argues that the suggestions of those who advocate deliberative democracy to incorporate more and more law-like precepts into politics will not achieve the ultimate ambition of deliberative theory, which is to have the resolution of disputes turn on nothing but the force of the better argument. Lupia discusses mechanisms to build civic competence by creating conditions in which the better argument has an improved change of winning the battle.
Deliberation Disconnected: What it Takes to Improve Civic Competence,
65 Law and Contemporary Problems
Available at: https://scholarship.law.duke.edu/lcp/vol65/iss3/7