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cyberwar, cyber operations, ethics, law of war, warrior ethos, law of armed conflict


The purpose of this short essay is to reflect upon a few issues that illustrate how legal and ethical issues intersect in the cyber realm. Such an intersection should not be especially surprising., Historian Geoffrey Best insists, “[I]t must never be forgotten that the law of war, wherever it began at all, began mainly as a matter of religion and ethics . . . “It began in ethics” Best says “and it has kept one foot in ethics ever since.” Understanding that relationship is vital to appreciating the full scope of the responsibilities of a cyber-warrior in the 21st century.

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