How applicable are the approaches adopted by information and communication technology standards-setting organizations to biological standards? Most engineering-based industries construct products from standard, well understood components. By contrast, despite the early attachment of the moniker “genetic engineering” to biotechnology, standardization in the biological sciences has been relatively rare.
Arti K. Rai, Unstandard Standardization: The Case of Biology, 53 Communications of the ACM 37-39 (2010)
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Patents, Synthetic biology, Standardization