In this article I shall discuss some of the ethical issues that arise in connection with social programs of biological engineering. My treatment falls, roughly, into two parts. After presenting some preliminary background and discussing the limitations of this paper, I turn to certain general questions about social programs and our obligations to the future in sections II through IV. I then pass on to specific considerations of programs of biological engineering in sections V through VII, although there are allusions to them in earlier sections. In both parts, some issues are gone into detail, while others are merely brought to the attention of the reader. I have no pretentions that any of them is conclusively settled here.
Martin P. Golding, Ethical Issues in Biological Engineering, 15 UCLA Law Review 443-479 (1968)