Document Type


Publication Date


Subject Category



With an annual profit between $10 and $20 billion, animal smuggling has become the third largest illegal trade in the world, behind only drugs and firearms, and the results are devastating to humans and animals alike. Zoonotic diseases are spreading, animal attack incidents are increasing, and several species are rapidly approaching extinction. This raises several questions that have been largely unanswered: What is causing the increase in demand? How serious are the effects? Why isn’t the law effective in preventing this? What can be done to slow this trend? This Comment attempts to answer these questions by investigating the causes and effects of this multi-billion dollar industry and the legal loopholes that allow it to flourish, and offers suggestions on how the law could be improved to address these challenges.

Included in

Law Commons