When outbreaks of domestic violence in the wake of the civil rights movement have necessitated a federal presence in the form of troops or marshals to maintain public order, section 333 of title 10 of the United States Code has been invoked by federal authorities to authorize federal intervention. Section 333, a long-dormant and little-discussed remnant of reconstruction legislation, was enacted in order to secure the fourteenth amendment's guarantee of equal protection of the laws. Judicious exertion of the powers conferred by this statute may serve both remedial and deterrent functions for the suppression of mass violence which the states are unwilling or unable to control.
Federal Intervention in the States for the Suppression of Domestic Violence: Constitutionality, Statutory Power, and Policy,
1966 Duke Law Journal
Available at: http://scholarship.law.duke.edu/dlj/vol15/iss2/5